Published online Apr 7, 2012. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v18.i13.1517
Revised: August 21, 2011
Accepted: January 22, 2012
Published online: April 7, 2012
AIM: To compare efficacy of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) with H2-receptor antagonists (H2RAs) plus prokinetics (Proks) for dysmotility-like symptoms in functional dyspepsia (FD).
METHODS: Subjects were randomized to receive open-label treatment with either rabeprazole 10 mg od (n = 57) or famotidine 10 mg bid plus mosapride 5 mg tid (n = 57) for 4 wk. The primary efficacy endpoint was change (%) from baseline in total dysmotility-like dyspepsia symptom score. The secondary efficacy endpoint was patient satisfaction with treatment.
RESULTS: The improvement in dysmotility-like dyspepsia symptom score on day 28 was significantly greater in the rabeprazole group (22.5% ± 29.2% of baseline) than the famotidine + mosapride group (53.2% ± 58.6% of baseline, P < 0.0001). The superior benefit of rabeprazole treatment after 28 d was consistent regardless of Helicobacter pylori status. Significantly more subjects in the rabeprazole group were satisfied or very satisfied with treatment on day 28 than in the famotidine + mosapride group (87.7% vs 59.6%, P = 0.0012). Rabeprazole therapy was the only significant predictor of treatment response (P < 0.0001), defined as a total symptom score improvement ≥ 50%.
CONCLUSION: PPI monotherapy improves dysmotility-like symptoms significantly better than H2RAs plus Proks, and should be the treatment of first choice for Japanese FD.