Published online May 21, 2010. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v16.i19.2355
Revised: February 23, 2010
Accepted: March 2, 2010
Published online: May 21, 2010
AIM: To investigate the effects of butyrate on interleukin (IL)-32α expression in epithelial cell lines.
METHODS: The human intestinal epithelial cell lines HT-29, SW480, and T84 were used. Intracellular IL-32α was determined by Western blotting analyses. IL-32α mRNA expression was analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction.
RESULTS: Acetate and propionate had no effects on IL-32α mRNA expression. Butyrate significantly enhanced IL-32α expression in all cell lines. Butyrate also up-regulated IL-1β-induced IL-32α mRNA expression. Butyrate did not modulate the activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), a mediator of IL-32α expression. Like butyrate, trichostatin A, a histone deacetylase inhibitor, also enhanced IL-1β-induced IL-32α mRNA expression.
CONCLUSION: Butyrate stimulated IL-32α expression in epithelial cell lines. An epigenetic mechanism, such as histone hyperacetylation, might be involved in the action of butyrate on IL-32α expression.