Published online Mar 14, 2008. doi: 10.3748/wjg.14.1575
Revised: November 28, 2007
Published online: March 14, 2008
AIM: To determine the inhibitory effect of the adenovirus-based angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1) targeted small interfering RNA expression system (Ad/Ang-1si) on the expression of the Ang-1 gene, cell growth and apoptosis in human esophageal cancer cell line Eca109.
METHODS: siRNA-expressing adenovirus targeting Ang-1 gene was constructed using the Ad Easy System. Cultured Eca109 cells were transfected with Ad/Ang-1si (Eca109/Ang-1si), and Ad/si was used to infect Eca109 cells as control (Eca109/si). Ang-1 gene expression and concentration was determined with RT-PCR and ELISA, respectively. Human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) migration and proliferation were analyzed. After s.c. injection into athymic nu/nu mice, the tumor growth, vessel density and apoptosis of each group was also determined.
RESULTS: HUVEC migration induced by conditioned medium from Ang-1si-transfected Eca109 cells was significantly less than that induced by conditioned medium from Eca109 cells and control adenovirus-transfected Eca109 cells. Furthermore, after s.c. injection into athymic nu/nu mice, the tumor growth and cell apoptosis of Ad/Ang-1si -expressing Eca109 cells was significantly lower than that of parental or control adenovirus-transfected cells. Vessel density assessed by CD31 immunohistochemical analysis and Ang-1 expression by RT-PCR were also decreased.
CONCLUSION: The targeting Ang-1 may provide a therapeutic option for esophageal cancer.