Published online Mar 21, 2006. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v12.i11.1788
Revised: December 7, 2005
Accepted: December 13, 2005
Published online: March 21, 2006
To study the clinical correlates of the H63D mu-tation we have analysed the phenotype of H63D homo-zygotes identified through mutation analysis in a referral laboratory. A total of 366 blood samples referred for HFE analysis were screened for C282Y and H63D mutations. Four H63D homozygotes were identified. All had raised serum ferritin but normal transferrin
saturation. They were negative for hepatitis B and C and only one patient consumed excess alcohol. In all 4 cases ultrasonography revealed fatty liver. In two patients a liver biopsy was done and showed mild siderosis with an unusual distribution and macrovesicular steatosis. These data confirm the association between fatty liver, hyperferritinemia and increased hepatic iron, but do not clarify whether siderosis was related to steatosis rather than homozygosity for the H63D mutation. Patients with fatty liver may complicate the interpretation of data in population studies of the expression of H63D homozygosity.