H Pylori
Copyright ©The Author(s) 2004. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
World J Gastroenterol. Apr 15, 2004; 10(8): 1183-1190
Published online Apr 15, 2004. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v10.i8.1183
Construction of prokaryotic expression system of 2 148-bp fragment from cagA gene and detection of cagA gene, CagA protein in Helicobacter pylori isolates and its antibody in sera of patients
Jie Yan, Yuan Wang, Shi-He Shao, Ya-Fei Mao, Hua-Wen Li, Yi-Hui Luo
Jie Yan, Ya-Fei Mao, Hua-Wen Li, Yi-Hui Luo, Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, Medical College, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310031, Zhejiang Province, China
Yuan Wang, Shi-He Shao, Faculty of Laboratory Medicine, Northern University, Jilin 132001, Jilin Province, China
Author contributions: All authors contributed equally to the work.
Supported by the Outstanding Young Teacher Fund of Education Ministry of China and the General Research Plan of Zhejiang Provincial Science and Technology Commission, No. 001110438
Correspondence to: Jie Yan, Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, Medical College, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310031, Zhejiang Province, China. yanchen@mail.hz.zj.cn
Telephone: +86-571-87217385 Fax: +86-571-87217044
Received: October 24, 2003
Revised: November 14, 2003
Accepted: December 16, 2003
Published online: April 15, 2004

AIM: To construct a prokaryotic expression system of a Helicobacter pylori (H pylori) cagA gene fragment and establish enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) for detecting CagA and its antibody, so as to understand the manner in which the infection of CagA-expressing H pylori (CagA+H pylori) isolates cause diseases.

METHODS: H pylori strains in gastric biopsy specimens from 156 patients with positive results in rapid urease test were isolated. PCR was used to detect the frequency of cagA gene in the 109 H pylori isolates and to amplify a 2 148-bp fragment (cagA1) of cagA gene from a clinical strain Y06. A prokaryotic expression system of cagA1 gene was constructed, and the expression of the target recombinant protein (rCagA1) was examined by SDS-PAGE. Western blotting and immunodiffusion assay were employed to determine the immunoreactivity and antigenicity of rCagA1, respectively. Two ELISAs were established to detect CagA expression in 109 H pylori isolates and the presence of CagA antibody in the corresponding patients’ sera, and the correlations between infection with CagA+H pylori and gastritis as well as peptic ulcer were analyzed.

RESULTS: Of all the clinical specimens obtained, 80.8% (126/156) were found to have H pylori isolates and 97.2% of the isolates (106/109) were positive for cagA gene. In comparison with the reported data, the cloned cagA1 fragment possessed 94.83% and 93.30% homologies with the nucleotide and putative amino acid sequences, respectively. The output of rCagA1 produced by the constructed recombinant prokaryotic expression system was approximately 30% of the total bacterial protein. rCagA1 was able to bind to the commercial antibody against the whole-cells of H pylori and to induce the immunized rabbits to produce antibody with an immunodiffusion titer of 1:4. A proportion as high as 92.6% of the H pylori isolates (101/109) expressed CagA and 88.1% of the patients’ serum samples (96/109) were CagA antibody-positive. The percentage of CagA+H pylori strains (97.9%) isolated from the biopsy specimens of peptic ulcer appeared to be higher than that from gastritis (88.5%), but the difference was not statistically significant (χ2 = 3.48, P > 0.05).

CONCLUSION: rCagA1 produced by the prokaryotic expression system constructed in this study possesses good immunoreactivity and antigenicity, and the established ELISAs can be used to detect CagA of H pylori and its antibody. H pylori isolates show high frequencies of cagA gene and CagA expression, but the infections by CagA+H pylori strains are not the most decisive factors to cause gastric diseases.

Keywords: $[Keywords]