Alexander Joseph Podboy, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, United States
David Scheinker, Department of Management Science and Engineering, Stanford University School of Engineering, Stanford, CA 94305, United States
David Scheinker, Department of Preoperative Services, Lucile Packard Children's Hospital Stanford, Stanford, CA 94304, United States
Author contributions: All authors equally contributed to this paper, in regards to conception and design of the study, literature review and analysis, drafting and critical revision and editing, and final approval of the final version.
Institutional review board statement: This research was approved by the institutional review board at Stanford University.
Informed consent statement: The informed consent was waived.
Conflict-of-interest statement: Scheinker D serves as an advisor to Carta Healthcare - a healthcare analytics company. No other potential conflicts of interest or financial support to disclose.
Data sharing statement: No additional data are available.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article that was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Corresponding author: Alexander Joseph Podboy, MD, Academic Fellow, Doctor, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Stanford University School of Medicine, 300 Pasteur Drive, Stanford, CA 94305, United States. firstname.lastname@example.org
Received: April 23, 2020
Peer-review started: April 23, 2020
First decision: June 4, 2020
Revised: June 15, 2020
Accepted: June 17, 2020
Article in press: June 17, 2020
Published online: July 28, 2020