Copyright ©2012 Baishideng.
World J Nephrol. Aug 6, 2012; 1(4): 106-122
Published online Aug 6, 2012. doi: 10.5527/wjn.v1.i4.106
Table 1 Incidence and spectrum of peritonitis in peritoneal dialysis patients
Ref.No.Infection rate (episodes/patient-year)OrganismsComments
Lobo et al[12]3300.42S. aureus 27.5%Brazil
2003-2007E. coli 13.4%Hypoalbuminaemia a risk factor
Culture neghative 32.5%
Shyr et al[13]550.56Experience surgeon may be a factor preventing infection
1990-19930.36 (ESI)
Cleper et al[14]291.66S. aureus 32.5%Children; modality change in 18%
1997-2007Pseudomonas 16%
Shigidi et al[15]2410.24 ± 0.1S. aureus 21%Qatar; Catheter loss 19%; Mortality 3% due to candida and pseudomonas peritonitis
2003-2007E. coli 9%
Culture negative 28%
Kofteridis et al[16]820.89G+ve 42%Greece
1990-2007G-ve 19%
Polymicrobial 5%
Fungal 4%
Freitas et al[17]1370.31 (ESI)G+ve 56%Cure rate 96%
2005-2008G-ve 27%Catheter loss in 3 patrients; peritonitis in two
Edey et al[18]103116 episodes in 103 ptsPolymicrobialEnterococci peritonitis is associated with catheter loss
Prasad et al[19]1680.63G-ve 60%G-ve peritonitis has worse outcome than G+ve
1993-2001G+ 40%
Boehm et al[20]300.82USA and European data
Goffin et al[21]1010.41G+ve 51.5%
1991-2000G-ve 27.7%
Polymicrobial 13%
Culture negative 7.9%
Nessim et al[22]42470.36Double cuff catheters had better results
Tan et al[23]640.23Singapore
Li et al[24]1100.29Hong Kong
Han et al[25]23010.38G+ve 42.6%Korea
1981-2005G-ve 17.0%Peritonitis rates fell from 0.57 in earlier to 0.29 in latter period
Fungal 2.1%
Culture negative 37.3%