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Copyright ©2013 Baishideng.
World J Virol. May 12, 2013; 2(2): 49-56
Published online May 12, 2013. doi: 10.5501/wjv.v2.i2.49
Figure 1
Figure 1 West Nile virus stimulates the production of interferons and pro-inflammatory cytokines in human antigen presenting cells. TLR: Toll-like receptors; WNV: West Nile virus; mDC: Myeloid dendritic cells; pDC: Plasmacytoid dendritic cells; Mφ: Macrophages; TNF: Tumor necrosis factor; IFN: Interferon; IL: Interleukin.
Figure 2
Figure 2 Receptors of innate immunity, adaptors and transcription factors involved in recognition of West Nile virus. WNV: West Nile virus; IFN: Interferon; IPS-1: IFN-β promoter stimulation-1; IRF: IFN regulatory factor; MDA5: Melanoma differentiation-associated protein 5; MyD88: Myeloid differentiation primary response gene 88; RIG; Retinoic acid-inducible gene; TLR: Toll-like receptor; TRIF: TIR-domain-containing adapter-inducing interferon-β.