Systematic Reviews
Copyright ©The Author(s) 2016.
World J Clin Pediatr. May 8, 2016; 5(2): 206-211
Published online May 8, 2016. doi: 10.5409/wjcp.v5.i2.206
Table 1 Definitions of the five C’s of positive youth development[4]
PYD five C’sDefinitions
CompetencePositive view of one’s actions in domain specific areas including social, academic, cognitive, and vocational. Social competence pertains to interpersonal skills (e.g., conflict resolution). Cognitive competence pertains to cognitive abilities (e.g., decision making). School grades, attendance, and test scores are part of academic competence. Vocational competence involves work habits and career choice explorations
Confidence connectionAn internal sense of overall positive self-worth and self-efficacy; one’s global self-regard, as opposed to domain specific beliefs. Positive bonds with people and institutions that are reflected in bidirectional exchanges between the individual and peers, family, school, and community in which both parties contribute to the relationship
CharacterRespect for societal and cultural rules, possession of standards for correct behaviors, a sense of right and wrong (morality), and integrity
Caring and compassionA sense of sympathy and empathy for others