Copyright ©The Author(s) 2023.
World J Clin Pediatr. Sep 9, 2023; 12(4): 171-196
Published online Sep 9, 2023. doi: 10.5409/wjcp.v12.i4.171
Figure 1
Figure 1 Increase the prevalence of gastrointestinal disorders in children with autism spectrum disorders. These factors may include genetic variations, abnormal gut-brain axis, dysbiosis, immune dysfunction, food sensitivities, digestive enzyme deficiencies, sensory processing and integration differences, dysautonomia, and abnormal behaviors. GI: Gastrointestinal.
Figure 2
Figure 2 The mutual interaction between autism spectrum disorders and gastrointestinal disorders. ASD: Autism spectrum disorders.