Case Report
Copyright ©The Author(s) 2023.
World J Otorhinolaryngol. May 9, 2023; 10(2): 23-29
Published online May 9, 2023. doi: 10.5319/wjo.v10.i2.23
Figure 1
Figure 1 Magnetic resonance images (with contrast and plain) depicting a heterogeneous well enhancing lobulated lesion in the left parapharyngeal space as marked with a red arrow. A: Axial; B: Coronal.
Figure 2
Figure 2 Partly excised parapharyngeal mass visualized with a 30-degree endoscope indicated with a yellow arrow.
Figure 3
Figure 3 Hematoxylin-eosin staining. A: Hematoxylin-eosin (HE), 40 ×, section examined shows a benign vascular tumour in the soft tissue and skeletal muscle fibres with morphological feature consistent with a lymphangioma; B: HE, 100 ×, section shows vascular spaces lined by a single layer of benign endothelial cells.
Figure 4
Figure 4 Surgical algorithm for approach to parapharyngeal tumors including transcervical approach, transoral robotic surgery, transcervical approach with parotidectomy, transcervical approach with styloid excision, transmandibular approach. PPS: Parapharyngeal space; TC: Transcervical approach; TORS: Transoral robotic surgery; TCP: Transcervical approach with parotidectomy; TCS: Transcervical approach with styloid excision; TCM: Transmandibular approach.