Copyright ©The Author(s) 2016.
World J Clin Oncol. Feb 10, 2016; 7(1): 114-121
Published online Feb 10, 2016. doi: 10.5306/wjco.v7.i1.114
Figure 1
Figure 1 Typical example of a free transverse rectus abdominis muscle-flap showing the undersurface with its vascular pedicle and the completely excised rectus abdominis muscle.
Figure 2
Figure 2 After harvest of a full transverse rectus abdominis muscle-flap, the fascial defect of the rectus fascia usually has to be closed with a synthetic mesh.
Figure 3
Figure 3 In a muscle-sparing free transverse rectus abdominis muscle, only a portion of the rectus muscle is included in the flap.
Figure 4
Figure 4 Example of a deep inferior epigastric perforator-flap with 2 perforators merging into the deep inferior epigastric vessels.
Figure 5
Figure 5 Computed tomographic-angiography to better elucidate the exact anatomy of perforators of the deep inferior epigastric perforator-vessels. The red arrow points out the piercing of the perforator through the rectus abdominis muscle on the sagittal (left) and transverse (right) view.
Figure 6
Figure 6 Pre- and post-operative pictures of a patient who underwent delayed reconstruction on her right side with a hemi-deep inferior epigastric perforator-flap and immediate reconstruction of her left side with the second hemi-deep inferior epigastric perforator-flap. She already had reconstruction of the nipple-areola-complex with tattooing and a local skin flap.
Figure 7
Figure 7 Example of a split superficial inferior epigastric artery-flap with both pedicles clearly visible. Since there is no injury to the rectus fascia, this the most desirable choice of flap from the lower abdomen.
Figure 8
Figure 8 Example of a fasciocutaneous infragluteal-flap almost completely raised. At the undersurface of the flap, the flap’s main vessels, i.e., the descending branch of the inferior gluteal vessels, can be seen clearly. Additionally, a branch of the posterior femoral cutaneous nerve is visible and spared.
Figure 9
Figure 9 A 49-year-old patient after bilateral nipple-sparing prophylactic mastectomy and immediate breast reconstruction with bilateral fasciocutaneous infragluteal-flap.
Figure 10
Figure 10 Intraoperative image of a completely harvested transverse myocutaneous gracilis flap with flap pedicle (short) and the relatively long saphenous vein as a venous supercharge.
Figure 11
Figure 11 Pre- and post-operative pictures after immediate bilateral skin-reducing breast reconstruction with a transverse musculocutaneous gracilis-flap and reconstruction of the nipple-areola-complex.