Copyright ©The Author(s) 2015.
World J Gastrointest Surg. Nov 27, 2015; 7(11): 279-288
Published online Nov 27, 2015. doi: 10.4240/wjgs.v7.i11.279
Table 1 The timing of gastrointestinal complications of pelvic radiation disease in relation to tissue type damage
ComplicationPrimary tissue type damageTiming
Acute proctitisEpithelial0-4 wk
Acute enteritisEpithelial0-4 wk
Rectal bleedingVascular 4-12 mo
Anal/perianal painStromal6-9 mo
Chronic abscessStromal9-15 mo
FistulaStromal18-24 mo
Stricture/malabsorptionStromal2-20 yr
Rectal malignancyEpithelial5-30 yr