Copyright ©The Author(s) 2015.
World J Gastrointest Oncol. Feb 15, 2015; 7(2): 6-11
Published online Feb 15, 2015. doi: 10.4251/wjgo.v7.i2.6
Table 1 Case series on radiofrequency ablation of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma-themokinetic principles
Ref.nAge (yr)Tumour size (cm)Thermokinetics
Matsui et al[24]20595.315 min at 50 °C in 2 × 2 × 2 cc field
Date et al[25]1583RITA probe, 90 °C for 10 min each
Hadjicostas et al[26]4708.5 (3-12)Cooltip© RFA for shorter duration of 2-8 min with 17-gauge electrode
Varshney et al[27]3586.54200 W of energy was delivered using a saline perfused needle with the aim of producing a 3 cm diameter necrosis
Wu et al[28]166751Cooltip© RFA probe with up to 200 W energy, 12 min and tip temperature < 30 °C. A 5 mm safe distance between probe and major vessel
Spiliotis et al[20]12673.5Cooltip© 17-gauge RFA electrode which achieved 80-90 °C. Cooltip© at < 10 min each
Casadei et al[29]3664.7Cooltip© ablation at 90 °C for 5 min each
Girelli et al[11]50654RITA system was used. Initial temperature of 105 °C (first 25 patients) was reduced to 90 °C after interim review
Zou3 et al[30]32684-12217 gauge electrode at 100-150 W energy with tip temperature of 90-100 °C for 12 min each After RFA, 125Iodine seed was implanted
Ikuta et al[31]1604Cooltip© 17-gauge RFA electrode for 3-4 min each and a temperature of 99 °C