Retrospective Study
Copyright ©The Author(s) 2019.
World J Gastrointest Oncol. May 15, 2019; 11(5): 393-403
Published online May 15, 2019. doi: 10.4251/wjgo.v11.i5.393
Table 1 Definition of postoperative surgical complications (during admission and 30 d thereafter)
Anastomotic leakageAny gas or feces collection around the anastomosis after low anterior resection in the drainage tubes; clinical suspicion confirmed by surgery
Perineal wound complicationsPerineal wound dehiscence and wound necrosis after abdominoperineal resection resulting from infection
IleusAbsence of bowel sounds or defecation after 5 d following surgery
BleedingGastrointestinal or abdominal hemorrhage, decrease in hemoglobin level directly after surgery treated conservatively with blood transfusion or by reintervention
Intra-abdominal abscessAny intra-abdominal fluid collection unrelated to the anastomosis or perineal wound
Abdominal wound complicationsFascial dehiscence, superficial wound infection
Urological complicationsUreter leakage, urinary incontinence, ureter stenosis
Intestinal necrosisCaused by bowel ischemia
Gastrointestinal perforationIntestinal contents discharge from abdominal cavity; clinical suspicion confirmed by surgery
Intravenous line infectionFever, chills and increase in leukocyte count, excluding other infections; the symptoms disappear after removing the intravenous line
Stoma complicationsStoma necrosis, stoma infection, parastomal hernia
General complicationsCardiovascular, pulmonary, neurological events