Copyright ©The Author(s) 2016.
World J Gastrointest Oncol. Jun 15, 2016; 8(6): 498-508
Published online Jun 15, 2016. doi: 10.4251/wjgo.v8.i6.498
Figure 1
Figure 1 Algorithm for treatment of distal malignant biliary obstruction based on disease stage. Patients who are not candidates for ERCP with stent placement may undergo EUS-BD or percutaneous drainage. Adapted from Boulay BR, Parepally M. World J Gastroenterol 2014; 20: 9345-9353. SEMS: Self-expanding metallic stent; ERCP: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiography; EUS-BD: Endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage.
Figure 2
Figure 2 Algorithm for treatment of hilar malignant biliary obstruction. PBD is an individualized decision based on local expertise. PTBD: Percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage; SEMS: Self-expanding metallic stent; PBD: Preoperative biliary drainage.