Janjua NZ, Butt ZA, Mahmood B, Altaf A. Towards safe injection practices for prevention of hepatitis C transmission in South Asia: Challenges and progress. World J Gastroenterol 2016; 22(25): 5837-5852 [PMID: 27433097 DOI: 10.3748/wjg.v22.i25.5837]
Corresponding Author of This Article
Naveed Zafar Janjua, MBBS, MSc, DrPH, Senior Scientist, Clinical Associate Professor, Clinical Prevention Services, British Columbia Centre for Disease Control, 655 West 12th Avenue, Vancouver, BC V5Z 4R4, Canada. email@example.com
Checklist of Responsibilities for the Scientific Editor of This Article
This article is an open-access article which was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Health care seeking, Health care utilization, Private practice, Country
Private practitioners health seeking (retrieved)
Health care seeking, Private practice, Country
Prescribing practices (retrieved)
Prescription practices, Country
1Google scholar retrieved too many articles and most of them were not relevant: these were used mainly for countries for which information was not available through PubMed;
2Not used for countries for which data on injection use were available. Parenthesis represent retrieved and number represent the number that were relevant and reviewed. HBV: Hepatitis B virus; HCV: Hepatitis C virus.
Table 3 Characteristic of injection use studies in South Asia 1995-2016
7Syringe that has been used on multiple patients, not opened in front of patient is considered unsafe; some studies performed direct observations while other relied on the patient recall; F: Females; M: Males.
Table 5 Prescribers, providers, and preference of patients and practitioners for injections in South Asia 1995-2016
3Physician took prescription decision/in 15% cases practitioner promoted injection prescription.
Citation: Janjua NZ, Butt ZA, Mahmood B, Altaf A. Towards safe injection practices for prevention of hepatitis C transmission in South Asia: Challenges and progress. World J Gastroenterol 2016; 22(25): 5837-5852