Basic Study
Copyright ©The Author(s) 2019.
World J Gastroenterol. Aug 7, 2019; 25(29): 3956-3971
Published online Aug 7, 2019. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v25.i29.3956
Figure 4
Figure 4 Effects of berberine on cytokine mRNA levels. Cytokine mRNA levels in the control group, water avoidance stress (WAS) group, rifaximin group, 25 mg/kg berberine (BBR) group, and 100 mg/kg BBR group are shown. Letters a, b, c, and d: P < 0.05 compared with those in the control group, WAS group, 25 mg/kg BBR group, and rifaximin group, respectively. WAS: Water avoidance stress; BBR: Berberine; IL: Interleukin; IFN: Interferon; TNF-α: Tumor necrosis factor-α; TGF-β: Transforming growth factor-β.