Copyright ©2013 Baishideng Publishing Group Co.
World J Gastroenterol. Mar 14, 2013; 19(10): 1527-1540
Published online Mar 14, 2013. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v19.i10.1527
Table 5 Reference studies concerning the probiotic role of molecules presented at the bacterial surface
Mazmanian et al[33]Bacterial capsular PSA elaborated by Bacteroides fragilis activates CD4+ and elicits cytokine production
Mazmanian et al[35]Purified PSA suppress pro-inflammatory IL-17 production and protects from inflammatory disease by induction of IL-10
Ryu et al[36]Purified LTA from Gram-positive bacteria has lower potency in the stimulation of Toll-like receptor-2 pathway to induce pro-inflammatory molecules.
Grangette et al[37]Modified LTA is able to induce secretion of anti-inflammatory IL-10
Benz et al[39]Lipoproteins and glycoproteins at the cell surface are attractive candidates as probiotic molecules
Schlee et al[40]Flagellins of the Escherichia coli Nissle 1917 induces expression of human β-defensin 2
Matsumoto et al[83]Purified PSPG-I from Lactobacillus casei Shirota has anti-inflammatory actions in chronic intestinal inflammatory disorders