Copyright ©2012 Baishideng Publishing Group Co.
World J Gastroenterol. Feb 21, 2012; 18(7): 616-626
Published online Feb 21, 2012. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v18.i7.616
Table 2 Environmental factors associated with irritable bowel syndrome
Prenatal traumatic events (e.g., nutrition in fetal life)
Early stressful life events (surgery, emotional, physical or sexual abuse)
Upbringing environment (low temperature, affluent childhood social class)
Family function (divorce, death of a parent)
Family history of abdominal pain, bowel dysfunction, inflammatory bowel diseases
Social learning (modeling)
Abuse history either in childhood or during adult life