Copyright ©The Author(s) 2021.
World J Gastroenterol. Nov 21, 2021; 27(43): 7446-7461
Published online Nov 21, 2021. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v27.i43.7446
Figure 1
Figure 1 The mechanisms by which the gut microbiome influences the immune system. LPS: Lipopolysaccharides; SCFA: Short-chain fatty acids.
Figure 2
Figure 2 The gut-liver axis in liver diseases. TGR5: G-protein-coupled bile acid receptor; PAMPs: Pathogen-associated molecular patterns; LPS: Lipopolysaccharides; TLR: Toll-like receptor.