Published online Jun 28, 2021. doi: 10.35712/aig.v2.i3.85
Peer-review started: April 25, 2021
First decision: May 7, 2021
Revised: May 18, 2021
Accepted: June 28, 2021
Article in press: June 28, 2021
Published online: June 28, 2021
Driven by the tremendous availability of data, artificial intelligence (AI) using deep learning has emerged as a breakthrough computer technology in the last few decades and has recently been acknowledged by the Task Force on AI as a golden opportunity for research. With its ability to understand, learn from and build on non-linear relationships, AI aims to individualize medical care in an attempt to save time, cost, effort and improve patient’s safety. AI has been applied in multiple medical fields with substantial progress made in gastroenterology mainly to facilitate accurate detection of pathology in different disease processes, among which inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) seems to drag significant attention, specifically by interpreting imaging studies, endoscopic images and videos and -to a lesser extent- disease genomics. Moreover, models have been built to predict IBD occurrence, flare ups, persistence of histological inflammation, disease-related structural abnormalities as well as disease remission. In this article, we will review the applications of AI in IBD in the present medical literature at multiple points of IBD timeline, starting from disease prediction via genomic assessment, diagnostic phase via interpretation of radiological studies and AI-assisted endoscopy, and the role of AI in the evaluation of therapy response and prognosis of IBD patients.
Core Tip: There has been a substantial progress made in artificial intelligence in gastroenterology including inflammatory bowel disease. Machine learning would play a major role in predicting disease flare up, response to treatment and overall patient' prognosis.