Copyright ©The Author(s) 2015.
World J Orthop. Nov 18, 2015; 6(10): 804-811
Published online Nov 18, 2015. doi: 10.5312/wjo.v6.i10.804
Figure 11
Figure 11 Haptic instrumentation for total knee arthroplasty. A: Navio™ (Blue Belt Technologies, Plymouth, MN, United States) robotic hand piece that is a haptic control. The surgeon moves the cutting instrument and the computer turns the device off if the resection area is exceeded or the depth is too great; B: MAKOTM (MAKO surgical corporation, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, United States) robotic arm. A haptic arm that is moved by the surgeon within the confines of the resection area and within the proper depth.