Copyright ©The Author(s) 2015.
World J Clin Oncol. Dec 10, 2015; 6(6): 272-280
Published online Dec 10, 2015. doi: 10.5306/wjco.v6.i6.272
Table 2 Endoscopic approaches for treating pelvic radiation disease
Endoscopic approachesRectal bleedingNotes
Argon plasma coagulationYTreatment of choice when clinically significant rectal bleeding occurs
FormalinYAlternative to APC, but more prone to complications and requires more skilled endoscopist
Radio frequency ablationNNo RCT available; possibly effective but more expensive than other treatments
CryoablationNNo RCT available; risk of cecal perforation
Rectal band ligationNAnecdotic case report