Copyright ©The Author(s) 2015.
World J Cardiol. Feb 26, 2015; 7(2): 52-64
Published online Feb 26, 2015. doi: 10.4330/wjc.v7.i2.52
Table 1 Summary of physical training protocols and outcomes in selected human studies
Ref.Type of exerciseExercise intensityExercise durationExercise frequencyTraining periodAssessmentOutcome
Braith et al[32] 1999Treadmill walk40%-70% of peak oxygen uptake (VO2)Started with 10-20 min as tolerated and increased to 30-45 min by the 10th wk3 times/wk4 moPlasma RAASReduced Resting AngII, Aldosterone, vasopressin, and atrial natriuretic peptide
Myers et al[143] 2001Outdoor walking at an elevation of 3500 ft, in addition to cycling60%-70% of peak VO2Two 1-h sessions of walking, 45 min of cycling5 times/wk2 moPost-exercise oxygen uptake kineticsHigh-intensity training did not result in a faster recovery of oxygen debt
La Rovere et al[144] 20021Graded exercise (cycling, calisthenics)Adjusted to 75% of the heart rate at peak VO230 min5 times/wk1 moBRS, LVEFBRS improved by 26%, while LVEF remained unchanged
Marchionni et al[145] 20032Cycling70%-85% of max heart rate1 h3 times/wk6 moTotal work capacity, health-related quality of lifeImproved total work capacity and health-related quality of life
Zheng et al[146] 20081Bicycle ergometer75% of peak heart rate30 min3 time/wk6 moHR recovery, time to reach anaerobic threshold, left ventricular end-diastolicExercise training prevented ventricular remodeling to a certain extent
Giallauria et al[46] 2013Bicycle ergometer60%-70% of peak VO230 min3 times/wk6 modiameter, left ventricular ejection fraction dipyridamole rest gated myocardial perfusion single photon emission computed tomographyImproved peak oxygen consumption, myocardial perfusion and LV function