Copyright ©2014 Baishideng Publishing Group Co.
World J Cardiol. Feb 26, 2014; 6(2): 38-66
Published online Feb 26, 2014. doi: 10.4330/wjc.v6.i2.38
Figure 4
Figure 4 Infinite insults with three finite vascular responses. Biomechanical insults such as hypertension result in stimulation of pattern recognition receptors and caveolae that induce vascular inflammation, oxidative stress and immune dysfunction endothelial dysfunction and vascular and cardiac smooth muscle dysfunction. TLR: Toll like receptors.