Copyright ©2009 Baishideng.
World J Hepatol. Oct 31, 2009; 1(1): 48-61
Published online Oct 31, 2009. doi: 10.4254/wjh.v1.i1.48
Table 1 At risk population for HCC surveillance: AASLD guide lines[21]
Hepatitis B carriers
Asian males 40 years or more
Asian females 50 years or more
All cirrhotic hepatitis B carriers
Family history of HCC
Africans over age 20
For non-cirrhotic hepatitis B carriers not listed above the risk of HCC varies depending on the severity of the underlying liver disease, and current and past hepatic inflammatory activity. Patients with high HBV DNA concentrations and those with ongoing hepatic inflammatory activity remain at risk for HCC
Non-hepatitis B cirrhosis
Hepatitis C
Alcoholic cirrhosis
Genetic hemochromatosis
Primary biliary cirrhosis
Group with lack of evidence. Although the following groups have an increased risk of HCC no recommendations for or against surveillance can be made because a lack of data precludes an assessment of whether surveillance would be beneficial: a1-antitrypsin deficiency, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, autoimmune hepatitis