Basic Study
Copyright ©The Author(s) 2019.
World J Stem Cells. Jun 26, 2019; 11(6): 347-374
Published online Jun 26, 2019. doi: 10.4252/wjsc.v11.i6.347
Figure 7
Figure 7 Co-culture and spontaneous fusion of skeletal muscle - mesenchymal stems with bone marrow - mesenchymal stems or adipose tissue - mesenchymal stems. Panel A. Co-culture of BM-MSCs (PKH26 red) and SM-MSCs (PKH67 green) revealed spontaneous fusion (white arrows) as early as 24 h after the mixed culture was started. During the follow-up period, fused cells created structures resembling myotubes; 120 h after the observation, MSCs were detached and single cells were analyzed using flow cytometry for fluorescence in the 560–695 nm range, which confirmed the immersion of red (PKH26) and green (PKH67) dyes. Panel B Fusion between SM-MSCs (PKH26 red) and AT-MSCs (PKH67 green). Flow cytometry analysis confirmed the presence of fused cells in the culture; however, after 120 h of co-culture, the fused cells assumed a mostly fusiform, but not myotube-like, shape. Flow cytometry for fluorescence in the 560-695 nm range confirmed the presence of fused cells. BM-MSC: Bone marrow - mesenchymal stem cell; AT-MSC: Adipose tissue - mesenchymal stem cell; SK-MSC: Skin - mesenchymal stem cell; SM-MSC: Skeletal muscle - mesenchymal stem cell.