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Copyright ©2008 The WJG Press and Baishideng.
World J Gastroenterol. Jun 7, 2008; 14(21): 3350-3359
Published online Jun 7, 2008. doi: 10.3748/wjg.14.3350
Table 1 Causes and mimics of secondary sclerosing cholangitis (SSC)
CausesSurgical trauma to bile ducts
Ischaemic injury eg after transplantation
Hepatic arterial chemotherapy eg floxuridine
Intraductal gallstones[3]
Viral or bacterial infection eg CMV or cryptosporidiosis
Caustic injury eg formalin treatment of hydatid disease
Congenital abnormalities eg cystic fibrosis
Conditions mimicking sclerosing cholangitis on imagingMalignancy eg metastatic carcinoma
Hypereosinophilic syndrome
Choledochal cyst