Copyright ©2008 The WJG Press and Baishideng.
World J Gastroenterol. May 21, 2008; 14(19): 2953-2961
Published online May 21, 2008. doi: 10.3748/wjg.14.2953
Table 1 Main causes of secondary chronic idiopathic pseudo-obstruction and relative gut tissue that is predominantly involved
Underlying diseaseMain causes
Diseases of central autonomic and enteric nervous systemsStroke, encephalitis, calcification of basal ganglia, orthostatic hypotension, Von Recklinghausen, Hirschsprung
Immune-mediated and collagen diseasesParaneoplastic (CNS neoplasms, lung microstoma, bronchial carcinoid, leyomyosarcomas), scleroderma, dermatomyositis, amyloidosis, Ehlers-Danlos, LES
Endocrine and metabolic diseasesDiabetes, hypothyroidism, hypoparathyroidism, phaeochromocytoma
OtherIatrogenic (radiation enteritis, clonidine, phenothiazines, antidepressants, antiparkinsonians, antineoplastics, bronchodilators, anthraquinones) jejunal diverticulosis, chagas